• Mass surveillance:
    Government agencies such as the GCHQ and large companies routinely store people’s data. In some instances, security agencies might target specific individuals and intercept their communications.


  • Publicly available data:
    For example on social media accounts such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat and Linkedin.


  • While travelling:
    Your electronics can be accessed and seized without a warrant if you are stopped at ports of entry and exit under Schedule 7.


  • Raids:
    Police routinely seize electronics during house searches to examine their contents. This includes phones, laptops, games consoles and tablets.


  • Consent:
    Authorities can request to access your data or devices without a warrant if you consent.


  • Through other people:
    Other people may have had their data seized via the means mentioned above. Any communications you have had with them may also be scrutinised. For example, WhatsApp messages, Facebook conversations, text messages, emails etc.

(NOTE: CAGE represents cases of individuals based on the remit of our work. Supporting a case does not mean we agree with the views or actions of the individual. Content published on CAGE may not reflect the official position of our organisation.)